12 Oct Business Finances: How a BAS can help you in your business
A building automation system (BAS) uses interlinked networks of software and hardware to monitor and control a building’s mechanical and electrical systems. A BAS is an essential part of any commercial building, providing operational efficiencies to save costs and increase comfort for the occupants.
Building Automation: What is a BAS
What are the different types of building automation systems? A building automation system (BAS) uses interlinked networks of software and hardware to monitor and control a building’s mechanical and electrical systems.
Many offices are now installing BAS to help boost worker productivity, improve the quality of the environment, increase operational efficiencies, reduce operating costs, and comply with new regulations.
The BAS has many benefits that make it an attractive solution for managing a facility’s energy needs. A BAS can be customized to meet your needs by programming event-driven sensor readings, set points, outputs, control logic devices, control methods for heating/cooling/lighting equipment or processes.
What are some benefits?
A Building Automation System (BAS) is an integrated system that controls the environmental /energy/security systems within a building. It centralizes the monitoring and control of all the systems within the building. BAS benefits include:
Reduced equipment costs
Lower maintenance cost
What is the significance of the term “building automation system”? “Backup generation systems for essential loads” which is common in modern buildings, includes demand-responsive cooling with direct load control where the AHU can sense if air conditioning is required or not, load shedding capability for essential loads during a power outage as well as natural gas monitoring through piezometers to detect leakage.
Typically a BAS operates as a mixed infrastructure system incorporating computer facilities using Internet protocol data communications channels connecting the supervisory processor at substations which manage major functions such as lighting and motor protection switching.
Why is a BAS used? This ensures that an organization’s employees are able to focus on the tasks that are most important, while reducing costs associated with manual monitoring.
Automation System: What is an automation system?
What are the different types of communication in an automation system? Communication in an automation system is the exchange of data. These are two main types of communication: Data communication occurs when devices communicate with each other, for example sending the current room temperature to other rooms. If this data is converted to text-based data packets, it becomes a datagram. Signaling communication occurs when systems are talking to humans, for example issuing alarms or shutting down equipment automatically because there’s a problem. This type of communication can also happen by using hardware devices that emit codes or signals that other systems interpret as instructions .
There are many BAS communication methods. Some use wires and cables, while others use radio, infrared, or Bluetooth technology. The common denominator is that all these methods send signals across invisible, electronic networks.
How do BAS solutions work?
A central management platform is used to oversee all aspects of the building. This centralized controller utilizes specialized equipment to take care of every aspect of the building including power management (metering), HVAC controls (heating ventilation and air conditioning), alarm monitoring (security & fire), energy conservation technologies (thermostats) lighting management (circuit breakers), energy performance dash.
Communication of a BAS
What are some related terms to the BAS? The system can also be used to manage physical security, lightings, temperature, water usage and many other aspects of the building. Some related terms would be: building automation, building automation system, building management system, BAS, intelligent building, home automation. Typical building management systems consist of several subsystems, including: a control system; human-machine interface (HMI); one or more computers; mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) systems; and sensors.
What are some examples of control strategies used by a BAS? Examples of control strategies are supervising energy consumption, managing lighting, controlling heating and cooling, securing entries to the building.
What are some drawbacks to using a BAS?
Some drawbacks include difficultly for monitoring for maintenance purposes.
What is the function of control strategies used by a BAS?
The control strategies monitor and control mechanical and electrical systems in order to operate at their highest possible efficiency.
What is the main objective of a building automation system? A building automation system (BAS) uses interlinked networks of software and hardware to monitor and control a building’s mechanical and electrical systems. The primary goal of BAS is to reduce energy consumption by controlling such factors as lighting, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC).
What advantages does a BAS offer?
With an efficient BAS in place, buildings can use sensors to regulate building processes without manual intervention. For example, motion sensors can be used to detect when windows or doors are opened or closed and windows can be set to open at the optimal times. Advanced BASs also offer:
-Directors: Fixed controllers that adjust their settings according to specific situations in order to lower costs and improve efficiency
-Integration: The ability to interact with control systems across a network
-Open Systems: The ability to integrate with enterprise management and security management systems, such as human resource and security systems
-Servers: Centralized computers that collect and store data from various field controllers.
Types of inputs and outputs
What is a typical input and output device for a building automation system? The typical input and output device for a building automation system is HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) and other various systems like lighting control, security systems. All these devices connect to the BAS (building automation system) and transfer data between themselves and other electronic components.
For example, HVAC device sensors will monitor environmental factors such as temperature or occupancy detection with pressure sensors to understand how energy-intensively to run equipment. BAS utilizes real-time sensor information to lower operational costs by providing analysis of environment/occupancy which are relayed back to devices for adjustments of current state.
What is the difference between active and passive devices? The BAS is capable of responding to events detected by the active devices, for example opening a damper to maintain an adequate air pressure level in the heating system. Passive devices only signal the BAS, but don’t actually do anything.
The BAS consists of three categories of components: building elements, on-site computer systems, and off-site computer systems. The BAS combines on-site systems with specialized software for on-time performance while reducing energy consumption by transferring functions that require more computing power off site where there are more computing resources available.
What are the primary inputs and outputs of a building automation system? An input is any element, person, or external system that affects a system. A sensor is a measurement device used to provide data on air quality, water quality, and ambient noise.
An output is the measurable results of a process or activity performed on a system. In an automation system, this would be lighting levels as determined by room occupancy.
Building automation systems are primarily used in business and commercial buildings such as high-rise offices and apartment complexes. Homes have started adopting BAS too because these systems have become more affordable and easier to install.